An allergy is defined as a damaging immune response by the human body to a substance. Allergic reactions are often experienced when people come into contact with things such as fur, dust, pollen, certain foods and chemicals. Asthma is a medical condition that affects the human respiratory system. This condition is often characterized by spasms in the bronchi of the lungs.
Mild cases of allergy are often characterized by signs such as itching of the skin and nasal congestion. Some people may start experiencing a scratchy throat and watery eyes. Itchy red spots may appear on the skin. In such cases, moving away from the substance that is causing the allergic reaction may be enough to reduce the symptoms. However, take precaution to ensure the individual is completely safe before carrying on with normal activity.
Severe cases of allergy may require immediate medical attention. Doctors often assess the sings and symptoms before recommending appropriate medication. Most medications are aimed at managing the symptoms that the victim is experiencing. Treatment is also aimed at reducing anxiety and relieving the patient of painful sensations in case there are any.
People who come from families that have reported cases of asthma are at a higher risk of getting this condition. During an attack, individuals are likely to experience difficulty in breathing and tightness of the chest. Asthma patients often go through episodes of wheezing and shortness of breath. They may also experience coughing during the night, when laughing or when they are involved in energy activities.
Patients with asthma can be treated by fast relief medications and long-term treatment medications. Quick relief medications are intended to reduce the severity of symptoms associated with the condition. This type of medication helps the patient get immediate comfort. Long-term medications are aimed at providing the patient with a solution that can last for long. They help prevent frequent asthma attacks.
Allergy and asthma care at home
People who experience these conditions should be closely monitored to avoid any serious complications. This is especially important when the patient is experiencing an attack. Always have the patient’s medication in an easily accessible place. Ensure medications have proper labels to avoid confusion in case the patient needs them urgently. If the patient does not improve within a few minutes or shows severe signs and symptoms, get in touch with a professional health care giver immediately.