Quantum Computer Programming: What You Need to Learn to Get Started?

Quantum computers, at long last, finally seem to be coming into their own with the promise of being far superior from its competition by years end. But this leads to one big problem, very few people actually know how to work them, let alone program them. So what is quantum programming anyhow? Quantum programming is a set of programming languages that express quantum algorithms using high-level constructs. It is through these complex algorithms, that conventional computers aren’t capable of handling, that set apart quantum computers from the rest. A normal computer is based on bits, which are variables that just have two possible values (0 or 1/true or false), where as quantum computers are also based on these two variables, but where it differs is that they are also based on qubits. These qubits mean that between these two variables there can exist many other variables which we call superposition states.

These states can be summed up as values that exist part way between. After Google unveiled a new quantum chip design, the bold claim of quantum computers achieving “quantum supremacy” was born. This phrase, summed up, means to perform tasks and calculations that are physically impossible for a normal computer to achieve. There is a lot of conventional belief that quantum programming is a drastically complex process, that very few scientists are able to understand. But with companies such as IBM and Google already having created quantum devices, the time to start looking into quantum programming as a mainstream action is now.

So where to begin looking if you are interested or curious about learning quantum programming? Well for starters it may be relieving to learn that you do not need a quantum computer in order to begin learning quantum programming. Simple quantum programs can easily be simulated on a normal computer. QISKit offers developers a way to explore IBM’s Quantum Experience. It uses a Python interface which enables a user to…

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