Published Wednesday in the American Physical Societyâs journal Physical Review Letters, new research by a team of scientists from Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, better known as Fermilab, could help pave the way for next generation particle accelerators like the Future Circular Collider (FCC). The FCC will be a higher-performance accelerator than the LHC, with proton collision energies approaching 100 TeVâmore than seven times the current collision energy of the LHC. Such an accelerator would be capable of probing the mysteries of dark matter, neutrinos, and the prevalence of matter over antimatter much deeper than anything in existence today.
|A schematic map showing where the Future Circular Collider tunnel is proposed to be located.
Image Credit: CERN.
Planning a next-generation high-energy particle accelerator is an enormous task. Although designs are currently being developed for the FCC, construction is not expected to break ground until after 2035. This is partly because you canât just incrementally upgrade existing technologies to make such a high-energy colliderâit requires vision, cooperation, infrastructure, money, and innovation.
According to Fermilabâs Vladimir Shiltsev, âSuper large colliders require different methods than traditional ones in order to keep their cost under control and their performance as great as possible.â Designing an accelerator like the FCC requires some completely new approaches to challenges like beam stability.
Imagine a line of ships leaving a port one right after the other,…