Captain MacDonald was cleared by the Army but indicted five years later. He remains in prison at 73.
In the du Pont case, Dr. Sadoff testified that the defendant was genuinely psychotic, not pretending to be. Mr. du Pont was ruled temporarily incompetent to stand trial; he then pleaded not guilty by reason of insanity. He was convicted, however, having been found to be mentally ill but not insane. He died in prison at 72 in 2010.
Dr. Sadoff estimated that he had evaluated as many as 10,000 defendants in criminal cases.
He taught at the University of Pennsylvania and wrote, co-wrote or edited a dozen books. Within the profession, he was perhaps best known as a medical ethicist, an exponent of what he called therapeutic jurisprudence.
Dr. Sadoff differentiated between the role of the clinician, who treats a patient, and that of a forensic psychiatrist, who makes assessments as an expert witness. The forensic psychiatristâs judgment might lead to a patientâs imprisonment or even execution or, in a civil case, determine whether a plaintiff is entitled to compensation or treatment.
At the same time, though, he said the forensic psychiatrist had a responsibility to protect vulnerable patients from being exploited by skilled professional adversaries in the court system.
âThe goal of forensic psychiatry is to seek justice and truth while respecting the rights of those who are examined,â he wrote in the book âEthical Issues in Forensic Psychiatry, Minimizing Harmâ (2011). âForensic psychiatrists do not have the mandate of âFirst, do no harm.â Their mandate is to seek truth and justice and to aid the legal process by striving for neutrality and objectivity, irrespective of which side of the adversary system they represent.â
Writing in the Journal of Psychiatry & Law, Dr. Thomas G. Gutheil described Dr. Sadoff as âone of the founding giants of the forensic psychiatry fieldâ and hailed Dr. Sadoffâs book on ethical issues as providing valuable instruction âon the most appropriately civilized way in which to conduct oneself as a forensic psychiatrist.â
Robert Leslie Sadoff was born on Feb. 8, 1936, in Minneapolis to Max Sadoff and the former Rose Carroll, both pharmacists. Bob, as he was known, entered the University of Minnesota when he was 16.
âHe was uncertain about his vocational direction until his father recounted his own unfulfilled dream of becoming a physician, with the apparent hope that the son would consider a career in medicine,â Dr. Gutheil and Frank M. Dattilio wrote in The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law in 2008.
âSadoff had mixed feelings about medicine,â they wrote, âbut after reflection he decided to take an accelerated undergraduate course and head toward medical school.â
He graduated from the university in 1955 with two bachelorâs degrees, and earned his medical…