The Town Clock, also sometimes called the Old Town Clock or Citadel Clock Tower, is one of the most recognizable landmarks in the historic urban core of Nova Scotia’s Halifax Regional Municipality. The idea of a clock for the British Army and Royal Navy garrison at Halifax is credited to Prince Edward,Duke of Kent, who arranged for a turret clock to be manufactured before his return to England in 1800. It is said that Prince Edward, then commander in chief of all military forces in British North America, wished to resolve the tardiness of the local garrison.
A clock tower is a tower built with one or more (often four) clock faces. The clock tower is usually part of a church or municipal building such as a town hall, but many clock towers are free-standing. The mechanism inside the tower is known as a turret clock. It often marks the hour (and sometimes segments of an hour) by sounding large bells or chimes, sometimes playing simple musical phrases or tunes.
Some clock towers are famous landmarks. Five of the best known are the clock tower which houses Big Ben (often itself colloquially referred to as Big Ben) of the Palace of Westminster in London, the Rajabai Tower in Mumbai, the Spasskaya Tower of the Moscow Kremlin, the Peace Tower in Ottawa, and the world’s tallest free standing clock tower, the Joseph Chamberlain Memorial Clock Tower at the University of Birmingham, England.
On New Year’s Eve 2004 four 6.3 metre clock faces were added to the top of the Warsaw Palace of Culture and Science building in Warsaw, Poland making it the highest 4-faced clock tower in the world and the second highest clock tower in the world. The NTT DoCoMo Yoyogi Building 240 meters (787 feet) is 10 meters higher and is the highest clock tower in the world. The Allen Bradley Clock Tower holds the record for the largest non-chiming four faced clock. The Sialkot Clock Tower is situated in Saddar Bazar, Sialkot, Pakistan.
It acts like a giant pin, holding the crazy and bustling streets of the main city and the well planned, relatively tranquil portions of the cantonment area together. Standing tall for more than a century, the tower would have been witness to many a time of upheaval and change.
The use of clock towers dates back to the antiquity. The earliest clock tower was the Tower of the Winds in Athens which featured nine sundials. In its interior, there was also a water clock (or clepsydra), driven by water coming down from the Acropolis.The first striking clock tower was constructed many centuries later in 1154 near the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, Syria, by the Arab engineer al Kaysarani.
The earliest clock tower in medieval Europe was the Salisbury cathedral clock in England, completed in 1306. In the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, Hong Kong, and many Commonwealth countries, town hall is the more common term, even when it is located in a city. County Council administrations in the UK are generally based in a building, by analogy,
JB Joyce and Co claims to be the world’s oldest tower clock maker (still in operation).The company began life in 1690 and still manufactures clocks not far from its original premises in Whitchurch, Shropshire. Today it is a part of the Smith of Derby Group, started in 1856, which claims to be the largest tower clock manufacturer in the world. The company has manufactured tower clocks for St Paul’s Cathedral in London and the Shanghai Customs building in China.
The Tower of the Winds, also called horologion (timepiece), is an octagonal Pentelic marble clocktower on the Roman agora in Athens. The structure features a combination of sundials, a water clock and a wind vane.It was supposedly built by Andronicus of Cyrrhus around 50 BC, but according to other sources might have been constructed in the 2nd century BC before the rest of the forum.
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