Antimicrobial protection can be built into fabrics, upholstery and textiles. It is often a silver-based technology that helps to maintain the freshness of the fabric, repelling or even eliminating odours due to microbial influence. The protection will also prevent discolouring and skin irritation. This type of fabric usually looks little different to other fabrics and textiles, but its properties are such that bacteria, mold and fungi cannot exist and multiply on its surface.
It was the early work of people like Pasteur and Joubert that started the science of antimicrobials. Early antimicrobial discoveries include substances like penicillin that improved the general health of millions of people all over the world, and continues to do so. Antimicrobial protection, when applied to fabrics, textiles and household upholstery, can significantly lessen our contact with microbes, thereby considerably limiting our chances of being adversely affected by them.
Fabrics that have antimicrobial qualities have improved hygiene properties. They are much less prone to discolouration and staining, and they much less likely to produce unpleasant odours due to microbial action. There are a number of possible ways that a fabric can have these properties. One way is through antimicrobial filtration, which kills microbes through a physical action, rather than through a chemical one. This system is non-toxic and eliminates harmful microbes through electrocution at the molecular level.
Antimicrobial treatments can be applied to fabrics and textiles as well. These are chemical actions that are usually included in the water used to wash the fabrics. They can control the growth of bacteria, keeping down on unpleasant odours and delaying the need for re-washing, thereby saving time and money, while cutting down on the general wear and tear that household clothes and fabrics are prone to on a daily basis.
One of the main advantages to using a chemical antimicrobial treatment is that it can be applied to all existing fabrics and textiles, as well as the general household upholstery. This will extend the life of the fabric and give it a freshness that it may have been lacking before. While we all like to change our clothes regularly, and of course it is a good idea, wearing clothes that have been treated with antimicrobial protection means that there is actually less absolute need to. This can be a very welcome thing on long journeys, for example.