Mankind’s footprint grows larger than ever, with 7.5 billion people on the planet. The population is increasing because of rising birth rates in the developing world, improving health care and a decline in the number of armed conflicts worldwide.
Other factors contribute to an increase in a nation’s population. In the case of the United States, growth is driven by migration.
24/7 Wall St. reviewed a 2017 United Nations population report that estimated the population totals of all countries and their projected changes.
Around 60% of the world’s population lives in Asia, though the population growth rate there is slowing. Despite this, with nations such as China and India — who combined have one-third of the world’s people — it is unlikely another continent will surpass Asia in population size.
China had been the world’s-fastest growing nation, doubling its population to 1 billion over the 30-year span ending in 1981. The pace of the population increase has slowed because of several factors, among them: the implementation of the one-child policy in 1979 that has been phased out, and China’s transition to a more urban society of typically smaller families from an agrarian one that features larger families.
On the other hand, certain regions in Africa are blossoming with the most rapid population growth rates in the world. The continent is benefiting from better health care, rising living standards and a decline in wars. Estimates by the United Nations project that Nigeria could grow to 1 billion people by 2100 from 186 million.
The global population is projected to reach 11 billion in the next 80 years, according to estimates from the United Nations. The population increase will stretch Earth’s resources and require us to develop innovative solutions to manage the land.
While six of the 10 most populated countries in the world are in Asia, the rest are quite evenly dispersed. Where do you think the rest of the world stands?